Wildlife gardening

Bees - wildlife gardening
Bees are good!
Image source: Onelia Pena

Wildlife plays such an important role in our gardens, whether it’s bees pollinating our flowers or birds eating insect pests. Wildlife gardens are normally associated with leaving areas of the garden to neglect or growing wild flowers but this needn’t be the case! Many cultivated garden plants are just as valuable to wildlife for food and shelter. Read on for ideas on how to attract wildlife into your garden.

Why do we need garden wildlife?

We should all try and do our bit for biodiversity and the environment, and encouraging wildlife also benefits our own gardens. Bees and butterflies are important pollinators and play a key role in pollinating many of our fruits and vegetables.

Birds eat a variety of garden pests, including leatherjacket grubs, slugs, aphids and caterpillars. Hedgehogs, shrews, frogs and toads will also eat these insect pests and ladybirds and lacewings feed on aphids and blackfly – their young eat them in large quantities!

Top tips for a wildlife friendly garden

Ladybird Wildlife Garden
Let ladybirds eat your pests
Image source: Maxpixel

• Try not to use double-flowered plant varieties as bees and butterflies can’t access the flowers for pollen and nectar. Good plants for bees generally have simple flowers.

• Plant trees, shrubs and hedges as these are perfect for nesting and sheltering from predators.

• Try not to use pesticides as these will kill beneficial insects too. Give natural predators such as ladybirds, spiders, lacewings, frogs, birds and hedgehogs time to eat the pests before resorting to chemicals.

• Provide food sources all year round – bees are active between February and October and many birds remain in the UK throughout the winter. Put out bird feeders during the winter months to help birds out.

• Install a pond if you have the space. This will encourage frogs, toads, newts and dragonflies to visit your garden. Small mammals and birds will also benefit from the water supply.

• Leave piles of logs or branches in a shady corner of the garden for frogs and insects to shelter under.

Plants for wildlife

butterfly wildlife gardening
Help butterflies gather food
Image source: Pixabay

If you’re thinking about creating a wildlife garden try and include a range of plants which provide flowers from spring through until autumn. Bees and butterflies are active during these seasons and need to gather enough food in this time to help them through the winter and early spring. Plants which provide seeds, nuts and berries will be appreciated by birds, and evergreen shrubs and hedges provide good shelter in the winter months. We’ve put together a list of good plants for attracting wildlife into your garden.

Bees

Spring flowering Summer flowering Late summer/Autumn flowering
Apple tree Allium Buddleja
Bergenia Astrantia Catalpa (Indian Bean Tree)
Cherry tree Cornflower Dahlia
Crocus Echium Echinacea
Flowering currant Eremurus Eryngium
Heather Foxglove Hebe
Holly Geranium Hypericum calycinum (Aaron’s Beard)
Muscari Helenium Ivy
Pear tree Helianthemum Sedum
Plum tree Hollyhock Sunflower
Pulmonaria Kniphofia (Red Hot Poker)
Snowdrop Lavender
Wallflower Monarda
Winter Aconite Poppy
Rosemary
Scabious

Butterflies

Spring flowering Summer flowering Late summer/Autumn flowering
Alyssum Allium Dahlia
Aubrieta Echium Echinacea
Bergenia Hebe Hebe
Forget-me-not Marigold Ivy
Hawthorn Oregano Sedum
Holly Phlox Teasel
Honesty (Lunaria) Sweet William Verbena bonariensis
Wallflower Thyme
Verbena bonariensis

Birds

Spring flowering Summer flowering Late summer/Autumn flowering
Berberis Cornflower Echinacea
Flowering currant Rosa canina & Rosa rugosa Honeysuckle
Hawthorn Ivy
Holly Panicum
Mahonia aquifolium Sunflower
Pyracantha Teasel
Rowan (Sorbus aucuparia)
Van Meuwen

Author: Van Meuwen

Horticultural mail order specialists. Working hard to bring you the best quality well-established plants as well as exciting new varieties.

7 thoughts on “Wildlife gardening”

  1. Hi Folks ,
    Very good idea to help wild life. I have in my garden a Hedghog Hotel !!! it is a big plastic box turned upside down at the narrow end I have cut a hole 5ins by 5ins and put tape round the edge. I put logs round it so the foxs can’t get the food, I also put an old hay rack in front of the door so hedgehogs can get in but dog cats and foxs can’t . I feed them each night with hedghog food and a bowel of water . I put the dish with the food right at the far end of the box. When I let the dogs out at night I put the outside light on so the gedghogs can take cover. My slug population has gone down very much.
    So much nicer than slug pelets.

    1. Thanks, wonderful help, we have at least 3 hogs visiting us every night, sometimes 4. We feed them every night, usually a 4 legged creature whish says miaowww helps itself as well, even freddie the fox joins in, but the hedgehogs usually ignore them, we have a night sensor camera we put out every night so we can see what is happening in the dark it is great to hear others are doing the same thing. thanks for the tips

  2. A plant I find attracts bees is Heuchera. I notice you don’t mention this. The flowers on the ones in my garden are often buzzing with bees.

  3. To attract frogs and provide water for others,use an old washing up bowl,or similar. Bury the bowl up to the rim, then leave for the rain to fill it. The frogs will soon be attracted to the water and it will fill with frogspawn. To help the baby frogs get out, just lay a short length of wood at an angle into the bowl,and weight the submerged end.

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